!
Always use protective glasses or goggles when
carrying out work where a risk of splinters,
grinding sparks, splashes from acid or other
chemicals is present. Your eyes are extremely
sensitive; injury may cause blindness!
!
Never start the engine with the valve cover
removed. There is a risk of personal injury.
!
Never use start gas or similar products as a
starting aid. They may cause an explosion in the
inlet manifold. Danger of personal injury.
!
Stop the engine before working on the cooling
system.
Marine engines: Close the sea cock / cooling
water inlet valve before work on the cooling sys-
tem is begun.
!
All fuels, as well as many chemicals, are flam-
mable. Do not allow open flames or sparks in
their vicinity. Gasoline, some thinners, and
hydrogen gas from batteries are extremely
flammable and explosive when mixed with air in
the correct proportions. No Smoking! Ensure
that the work area is well ventilated and take the
necessary safety precautions before welding or
grinding work is begun. Always ensure that
there are fire extinguishers close at hand in the
work area.
!
Make sure that oil, fuel-soaked rags, and used
fuel and oil filters are stored in a safe manner.
Rags soaked in oil can spontaneously ignite
under certain circumstances. Used fuel and oil
filters are environmentally hazardous waste
and must be handed to an approved waste
management facility for destruction, as must
any used lubrication oil, contaminated fuel,
paint residue, solvents, degreasers and wash
residue.
!
Batteries must never be exposed to open
flames or electric sparks. Never smoke in the
vicinity of the batteries; they generate hydrogen
gas when charged, which is explosive when
mixed with air. This gas is easily ignited and
highly explosive. A spark, which can be caused
by incorrect battery connection, is sufficient to
cause a battery to explode and cause damage.
Do not touch the connections during start
attempts. Sparking hazard! Do not lean over
batteries.
!
Never work alone when removing heavy com-
ponents, even when using lifting devices such
as locking tackle lifts. When using a lifting
device, two people are usually required to do
the work - one to take care of the lifting device
and the other to ensure that components are
lifted clear and not damaged during the lifting
operations.
!
Never transpose the positive (+) and negative
(-) battery posts when installing batteries. Such
a transposition can result in serious damage to
electrical equipment. Refer to the wiring dia-
gram.
Always use protective goggles when charging
and handling the batteries. Battery electrolyte
contains sulfuric acid which is highly corrosive.
Should the battery electrolyte come into contact
with unprotected skin, wash it off immediately
using soap and copious amounts of water. If you
get battery acid in your eyes, flush at once with
copious amounts of water and seek medical
assistance immediately.
!
The existing lugs on the engine should be used
for lifting. Always check that the lifting equip-
ment used is in good condition and has the load
capacity to lift the engine (engine weight includ-
ing gearbox or extra equipment). For safe han-
dling and to avoid damaging components fitted
to the top of the engine, the engine must be
lifted with a correctly adjusted lifting boom. All
chains or wires must run parallel to each other
and as perpendicular to the engine as possible.
If other equipment attached to the engine has
altered its center of gravity, special lifting devi-
ces may be needed to obtain the correct bal-
ance for safe handling. Never perform any work
on an engine that is only suspended from the
lifting equipment.
05-1 Safety Instructions
20 7747622 12-2014 © AB VOLVO PENTA

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